Sunday, February 22, 2009

Iski Topi Uske Sirr

Panna, One of the five Tiger Reserves in Madhya Pradesh, was declared a Tiger Reserve in 1994 is nestled in the Vidhya Hills of Bundelkhand region. Merely an hour away from one of the most favorite destination of foreign tourists, Khajuraho, Panna has just pugmarks to offer. Whatever may be the official figures, The State’s Chief Conservator of Forests, Mr. H.S. Pabla, could also not get a glimpse of the National Animal.
(As per the Hindustan Times, 21st Feb, 2009 “Two days after the state’s Chief Conservator of Forests, H.S. Pabla, was not able to sight a tiger in the 540 sq km reserve, he told HT on Saturday that he was not adverse to the idea of relocating even a tiger. "If required we will even relocate a tiger to Panna," he said.”)
After the success of trans-location of two tigresses from Bandhavgarh, Kanha/Pench to Panna have been called by the Field Director Panna Tiger Reserve.ting tigers in Sariska, now its Panna’s turn. Tender forms calling bidders for filming and photography rights of the But would it turn out to be a success in Madhya Pradesh? I personally don’t think that this would work in M.P. How can we trust the same staff which was present when all the wild cats in Panna disappeared?

Relocating tigers may be answer to the ever declining population of tigers in the reserves. But this situation could have been avoided only if the officials would have worked when Dr Radhu Chandawat first alarmed the officials about the missing tigers in Panna long time back.

Why do we have to relocate tigers, when we can Save them.
Were the Panna officials not aware of the poaching done inside the restricted area? If not, why are they posted there?
What were they doing after the first tiger went missing?
What happened to the Tigers that were in Panna in the last census?

Who will be held responsible if the new tigers that are being relocated are poached?
 What is the surety that illegal killing will not be done now?
For now, the relocation is to take place sometime in the last week of February. And all I can do is to pray that it turns out to be a success.


Shivady said...

Save the Bhitri Female

As far as the history of the Bhitri Area goes, no tigers have been reported to have established a permanent territory in this region. The Bhitri female has managed to establish her territory after eight years of very little tiger presence. The Bhitri area, which was frequently used by tourist as a bird watching destination, has been now transformed into a tiger watching destination too! Over the fifteen years of my regular visits to that area, I have seen tigers for not more than fifteen times and since, the Bhitri female has made her home there, the area has been helping to divert pressures from other tourism zones, as well as, on the other tiger families living in and around the park.

Sir, I would like to plea your kindness to consider the relocation of any other tigers that are vulnerable to poaching and the man-wildlife conflict, instead of the Bhitri female. There are excessive cattle lifting conflicts between the tigers and the human civilization settled in and around the Bandhavgarh National Park. There is more vulnerable tiger population in the buffer zone of Bandhavgarh National Park and the Park produces on an average six to ten litters of tiger cubs every year. The Bhitri female is a daughter of the dominant tigress who has given Bandhavgarh a great tiger sighting and taught her cubs to live in harmony with the human civilization. The Chakradhara tigers have been the life line of this park since the days of Sita and her two daughters, the Chakradhara female and the Amanala female. The Bhitri female, daughter of the Chakradhara female is the most docile out of all her cubs and after eight years of minimal tiger presence, has managed to establish her territory in Bhitri along with her mother, in Chakradhara, and her aunt, in Amanala. The tigress has an exceptionally good prey capture techniques which was taught by her mother, the Chakradhara female. It is difficult to determine how important play is for survival but it is clearly a natural part of life for any normal animal; and is important for its learning process too. It is essential that we recognize the important linkage of the psychological state of the animal and the behaviour responses exhibited. We, the citizen of India who are actively involved and interested in the management of the wildlife species, must recognize both fields of knowledge since both psychology and behaviour effect the population levels of the tigers. It is easy to recognise an overcrowded range, but more difficult to recognise a range that is over populated due to social factors, perhaps one of greatest usage of animal behaviour in wildlife management is to recognize the abnormal behaviour. We, the people of India plea to the wildlife management to use this behaviour information of our tigers.
The Chakradhara female has given almost 15 litters out of them only one female, “the Bhitri female” is the only female which has managed to establish her own territory inside the Bhitri area of the park.
Sir, we understand the difficulties of managing the biological resource because it is so difficult to recognise the environment of the animal. There are, to be sure, many components of habitats, but the separation of those components can have a negative effect on the spread of tiger in particularly the Bhitri area is extremely difficult. Behaviour-the total expression of an animal’s condition, is thus a most difficult science because an understanding of so many underlying relationships is essential. The biological benefits are associated with such things as home range, territoriality, and social hierarchies. Sir we would like you to consider the possible benefits that maybe considered. More aggressive and dominant animals may be more successful as breeders, especially if the population is high and food or space is in short supply. The spacing of animals, so better food conditions and higher reproductive rates are present, will also result in the faster growth in the population. A social order that is recognized by the member of a population of animals will result in a reduction of fights between individuals. More or less organised dispersal of the population may result in a more stable productivity because the food and cover resources on the range are utilized more evenly. There is a less tendency for the population’s oscillations when high density situation do not occur. After eight years we at Bandhavgarh are seeing an even distribution of population may distribute the amount of predation that can occur, since the predators could not take the advantage of a high concentration of prey in Bhitri area and with the female tigress which has made her home after eight long years can bring stability in the predation rate. It is interesting to bring your note on the maintenance of the social order is not necessarily dependant on the physical conflicts between man and wildlife but the benefits a tiger can make to an area like Bhitri which have not seen active tiger activities and establishing territories, which the Bhitri female have succeeded. The term territory was introduced earlier where the idea of competitive, exclusively was attached to the concept of home range. The basic difference between the home range and a territory is that the home range is not protected from the intruders of the same species but a territory is. The home range is the total area of the forest range that is the Bandhavgarh National Park were as the territory of a particular animal, specially the female species is well marked by it, which normally used during pregnancy period.
Sir, I am blessed by the almighty to get a chance and to understand the social hierarchy or the peak order of the tigers of Bandhavgarh National Park as the social order or rank development from several factors, including experience, age, psychological condition and physical size. According to a research by Mr. Walter and Heleneet Silver (1969) shows that the dominant animal assumes their role very early in their life. Social order in a group of animal does not necessarily result in a perfect dominance hierarchy but can individually show its need to show its dominance to establish territory in the home range. It is difficult at times to understand why all the individual tigers, which were produced by the Chakradhara female were not willing to move and establish their territories in better conditions that exist in Bhitri Meadow.
We humans must recognise that the cubs that were produced by the Chakradhara female and Amanala female did not manage to establish a territory in their home ranges except the Bhitri female. The behavioural response of the Bhitri female is the result of basic drive, within all animals, to survive, and the results in the survival of the species. Individual survival depends on the ability of the animal to get food, to find enough protection for itself, from the forces of weather and to escape mortality from diseases, parasites, and rivalry. The Bhitri female has the ability to mate successfully and produce offspring’s and rare them to the age when they are self sufficient members of the population, capable of reproducing. Such presence of the basic drive in the Bhitri female leads to some definite patterns of behaviour within animal population that are characteristics of the species. Co-operation between members of a tiger family is observed in many kinds and the Bhitri female is no exception. She has full rights to stay in her home range after establishing full territory and dominance of her territory. The tigers of Bandhavgadh belong, to sub-tropical climate and vegetations and they are tuned to take benefits and advantages of camouflage of a sub-tropical forest where as Panna National Park is a dry decidui forest which can take the toll on her.
Sir we plea you to relocate the more vulnerable female tigers of the buffer zones around the Bandhavgadh National Park instead of the Bhitri Female, it is a clear loss to the park, which is fulfilling dreams of millions of Indian’s and foreigner’s alike.
Warm Regards
Shivang K Patel

Sanjeet Tripathi said...

ये क्या 22 फरवरी के बाद से कोई पोस्ट नहीं?
गलत बात है बॉस, लिखो भी भले बहुत ही व्यस्त हो।